AFRICAN AMERICAN GIRL BABY NAMES : HOW TO WEIN A BABY FROM BREASTFEEDING : NORMAL BABY TEMPERATURE UNDER ARM.
African American Girl Baby Names
- pertaining to or characteristic of Americans of African ancestry; "Afro-American culture"; "many black people preferred to be called African-American or Afro-American"
- Of or relating to black Americans
- Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not
- A U.S. citizen having origins in any of the Black racial groups of Africa.
- The most popular given names vary nationally, regionally, and culturally. Lists of widely used given names can consist of those most often bestowed upon infants born within the last year, thus reflecting the current naming trends, or else be composed of the personal names occurring most within
- A female child
- a young woman; "a young lady of 18"
- female child: a youthful female person; "the baby was a girl"; "the girls were just learning to ride a tricycle"
- daughter: a female human offspring; "her daughter cared for her in her old age"
- A person's daughter, esp. a young one
- A young or relatively young woman
Little Black Girl Lost
Johnnie Wise was just fifteen years old when her mother sold her virginity to an unscrupulous white insurance man named Earl Shamus. Stunningly beautiful, with long naturally wavy black hair, she possessed the voluptuous body of a thirty-year-old woman. Her skin was the color of brown sugar. Johnnie had heard about Earl Shamus and his escapades among the poor black women in New Orleans. But what she didn’t know was that Shamus had quietly made several of the girls in their neighborhood his reluctant concubines when their youthful bodies ripened—she was next.
Enter 1950’s New Orleans, a world of betrayal, envy, lust and murder, where everyone has ulterior motives. Take a peek at Johnnie Wise, a 15-year-old girl, being pursued by ruthless crime boss, Napoleon Bentley, who will stop at nothing to have this young beauty. Little Girl Lost will shock you right up to the very end with its revealing truths.
The Pace Report: "I Put A Spell on You: The Nina Simone Music Tribute" wsg Dr. Sonia Sanchez on Vimeo by Brian Pace
“To be young, gifted and black” Lorraine Hansbury
During the late 1950’s African-Americans were beginning to speak of the injustices of race, discrimination, education, and the lack of pride of a people that was subjected to the rigors of American racism. Certain scenes of white segregation took hold and roar it’s ugly head when Emmett Till, a young teenager from Chicago, visited his family in Money, Mississippi during the summer of 1955. Being from the north, the young Till wasn’t acclimated to the strict ‘Jim Crow‘ laws and rules blacks had to obey. One day he went to the store with his cousin and allegedly whistled at the store owner’s wife. Word spread fast and then soon Till was kidnapped from his great uncle’s home and then tortured, beaten, and shot then killed. Roy Bryant, owner of the store that Till made the gesture, along with J.W. Milam, then took Till’s body and thew him in the Tallahtachie River with a cotton gin fan tied around his neck. Both Bryant and Milam were acquitted for the murder of Emmett Till. Mamie Till, the mother of Emmett, wanted the world to see what these brutal men did under the laws of the ‘Jim Crow‘ south.
This incident, along with the monumental arrest of Sister Rosa Parks, lead to what would become the era of the Civil Rights Movement that lead, and still leads the battle for blacks and minorities around the country. It was also this time that the Black Arts Movement began producing black writers, artists, directors, and musicians to express their art, via the arts, a new awakening throughout the country. Writers like James Baldwin, Langston Hughes, Amiri Baraka, Cecil Brown, Nikki Giovanni, and Ishmael Reed expressed the deep concerns of the plight of blacks trying to have the same equal rights. Even sports figures like Muhammed Ali, Jim Brown, Bill Russell, and Wilt Chamberlain played a major part on trying to allow blacks to compete or ask for the same pay as their other white counterparts.
When it came to the Black Arts Movement in the arts, icons like Paul Roberson and Josephine Baker had been blackballed by Hollywood and Washington, DC due to their strong political beliefs and how some in the establishment didn’t take kindly to “black nationalism” as J. Edger Hoover, former F.B.I director stated. Musicians like Odetta, Harry Belafonte, Abbey Lincoln, and Max Roach began to play and sing songs of the civil rights movement. These song or spirituals were the nucleus of rallies and marches all over the south.
Sister Nina Simone was both a fiery and passionate musician and vocalist that gave the world her unique social commentary at a time during the 1960’s when all blacks were tired of fire hoses, home bombings, and the south’s ‘Jim Crow’ laws. One of Simone’s many anthems included “Mississippi Goddam,” a song about the many atrocities that took place in Mississippi and parts of the south during the early 1960’s. Incidents like the murder of NAACP activist Medgar Evers being assassinated, the four little girls that where bombed to death in Alabama, and Dr. Martin Luther King’s endless tirades to organize effective non-violent demonstrations to raise the awareness of civil injustices against blacks.
Born Eunice Kathleen Waymon on February 21st, 1933 in Tyron, North Carolina, Nina the was sixth child of eight in a struggling working class family. Her father was a minister by trade, but was also a businessman that owned many businesses until the depression wiped out the local economy in the surrounding cities where she grew up. Her mother and many in the community knew of young Eunice’s gift to play the piano and singing. She always played during church every week as well as special functions. Nina received free piano lessons and played and competed during middle and high school. Upon graduation, she was supposed to study classical piano at the Curtis Institute of Music where Nina had high expectations to become a classical pianist. Although she wasn’t accepted, she moved to New York City where she studied at the Juilliard School of Music. Playing bars in Atlantic City to help pay for her tuition, she changed her name to Nina Simone named after the French actress Simone Signoret. Nina was also developing her stage presence and her unique blend of all forms of American roots music. She played classical, pop, jazz, blues, and what would evolve into soul music.
On a whim, she recorded a group of singles that would become her debut record called “Little Girl Blue” in the winter of 1958. One of the singles of that session,“I Loves You Porgy,” would become a hit for Nina and the rest would become history. Nina, years later would find out decades later that when she sold the rights to her debut album for $3000, the record would go on to make millions leaving her angry for years that she didn’t get any royalties.
From the start, she didn’t have many hit recordings like her contemporaries like Etta James, Aretha Franklin, and Sarah Vaughan. Nina’s music was considered ahe
Bobby Farrell performing at the Hammersmith Odeon, London, in 1978
The Telegraph 31-12-2010
Bobby Farrell, who died suddenly in St Petersburg on December 30 aged 61, was ostensibly the lead singer of Boney M, the disco group which achieved wide popularity in the 1970s with hits such as Rivers of Babylon and Daddy Cool.
6:20PM GMT 30 Dec 2010
Assembled in 1976 by the German-based producer and composer Frank Farian, Boney M consisted of three girls — Marcia Barrett, Liz Mitchell and Maizie Williams — and Bobby Farell. They were distinctive for their outlandish costumes and hairdos and for their extravagant dance routines, and sold more than 100 million records.
The group, based in Germany, broke into the charts with Daddy Cool and Sunny in 1976. In 1978, Rivers Of Babylon (with its reverse side Brown Girl in the Ring) spent 40 weeks in the British charts, and it remains one of the bestselling British singles of all time.
The fact that the male vocals were actually performed in the studio not by Bobby Farrell but by Frank Farian did nothing to diminish their popularity.
But Farian never appeared on stage, leaving that side of the business to Farrell. According to Liz Mitchell: “[Farian] obviously thought himself not presentable enough to perform . It was understandable because Frank Farian is a white German and the music of Boney M was West Indian, American, African rhythm.”
Bobby Farrell was born Alfonso Farrell on the island of Aruba, in the Lesser Antilles off the coast of Venezuela, on October 6 1949. He decided to leave home at the age of 15 to go to sea, ending up in Norway and then in Germany, where he initially earned his living as a DJ and as an occasional dancer and male model.
He came across Farian after the producer had recorded a song called Baby Do You Wanna Bump, which he wanted to promote.
Farian had already selected a name for the artists behind the release, taking Boney M from the name of a detective series on Australian television. Having persuaded Farrell to come on board, along with Barrett, Mitchell and Williams, the publicity machine went into action. Boney M were thus very much in the tradition of “manufactured” pop groups started by The Monkees in the 1960s.
The group’s first album, released in 1976, was Take the Heat off Me, but Farrell’s voice was not used on the record after Farian decided that it was not good enough. Where Farrell excelled, in the producer’s view, was as a dancer and performer on stage, and Boney M duly strutted their stuff around the discos and clubs of Germany. Eventually the group would have 15 number ones in Germany, including Brown Girl in the Ring and Mary’s Boychild.
In the late 1970s it seemed that Boney M could do no wrong. Daddy Cool (1976) was followed in the same year by Sunny; and in 1977 came Ma Baker and Belfast. Rivers of Babylon — originally recorded by a Jamaican group, the Melodians — was a colossal hit across Europe, and the group then came out with Rasputin and Mary’s Boy Child/Oh My Lord, which in 1978 was the Christmas No 1 in Britain.
Also in 1978, Boney M were invited by the Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev to perform in the Soviet Union, the first Western group to be accorded such an honour. They were flown by Soviet military aircraft from London to Moscow, where they performed in Red Square before an audience of 2,700.
Other of Boney M’s hits included Hooray! Hooray! It’s a Holi-Holiday and Painter Man. There were three successful albums, including, in 1980, The Magic of Boney M — 20 Golden Hits, and the following year Farrell briefly left the group, which would break up in 1986 amid some acrimony. There were claims that Boney M received only nine per cent of the profits from their music, and Liz Mitchell later said: “The actual people who did the singing, which is Marcia Barrett and myself, didn’t get any credit.”
Farrell continued to perform with a variety of female backup singers, maintaining his flamboyant style and continuing to sport his fancy costumes. “I like to look good on stage and to release all my energy in my shows,” he said. “I still wear my glitter costumes and my girls always look glamorous alongside me.”
In recent years he had toured under the name Bobby Farrell’s Boney M, offering a blend of disco and Calypso music. He liked to be known as “The King of Disco”.
Bobby Farrell, who lived in Amsterdam and was divorced from his wife, was found dead in a hotel room in St Petersburg, where he had been performing. He had complained of breathing problems both before and after his show on December 29. He had been due to perform in Italy last night, New Year’s Eve.
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